Let me guess:
You want to buy a new reflex, but you’re missing out on all the options and alternatives.
So how do you choose the right one?
Do not worry…
To help you, we have created for you a special list of the top 10 cameras with the pros and cons that will make your choice much easier.
Outstanding performance, excellent image quality and sufficient features to raise the level of your photography.
These models have it all!
Scroll down this list and find the best one for your needs and your budget!
Nikon D3300 Our Recommendation:
Optical sensor resolution: 24.78 Mp
Optical zoom: not declared
Are you looking at the best reflexes but you don’t know which one to choose? If you are approaching the world of photography, the most suitable camera is the Nikon D3300, the best entry level SLR.
The D3300 is a perfect reflex to start with and for those who are already partially involved in the world of photography. The camera body of this camera is beautiful, available in black, gray and red. Excellent handling and easily accessible buttons. Its not excessive weight is a plus point. It is a reflex with a convenient viewfinder, but you can easily opt for live view, viewing the frame on the convenient 3 “LCD digital display with 921k resolution points.
It is a camera that mounts an AF-P Nikkor 18-55mm lens, one of the best for value for money. You have a large number of objectives that can be matched according to your needs and your experience.
Stabilized lens: no more vibrations during shooting or involuntary movements, fewer photos moved, even in case of reduced brightness. And to focus choose between manual or automatic mode (11 points) directly from the menu, fast and precise focusing even with moving subjects.
The quality of the D3300 reflex photos is guaranteed by the 24.2 Mp CMOS sensor, for beautiful photos on the PC, but that do not shell even if enlarged. Images processed by the Expeed4 processor, which ensures lower energy consumption: lots more shots with a single charge!
Very wide sensitivity, up to 25600 ISO, always with the best photo quality even in the dark or almost, at high ISO. And if you have to capture the moment, entrust this camera without delay because with its maximum speed of 5fps you will immortalize the perfect moment. And between one photo and another, with the D3300 SLR you can shoot videos in Full HD (but also in HD or standard) in 16: 9 up to 60p, customizing the recording settings.
For the less experienced the D3300 SLR camera dedicates the convenient guide and the many scenes with preset parameters, while the novice is not able to opt for the manual mode. And once you take the photos, make the first touch-ups directly in the car to share them with the Wi-Fi created by the reflex through a simple external adapter WU1. Excellent the Nikon W-MU app.
Reflex with excellent autonomy, excellent photos and extreme ease of use. Reviews confirm this, it is the best reflex for quality / price ratio and has no particular weak points. The D3300 wins, therefore, the title of best reflex of 2020, among the entry level.
• Reflex with excellent qualities
• CMOS sensor 24.2 Mp
• Powerful processor with excellent Expeed performance 4
• ISO up to 25600
• Viewfinder or possibility of Live View with a stabilizer that also limits the effects of an involuntary movement during the shot.
• Compact, lightweight, handy reflex with better button layout
• Compatibility with a large number of lenses, one for all your needs and many kits available
• Fully automatic mode / fully manual mode
• Video in standard, HD or Full HD mode in 16: 9 up to 60p
• Wi-Fi connectivity with the additionally WU-1a adapter and the excellent Nikon Wireless Utility app
• The microSD supplied is not particularly large
• Non-economical reflex
• Auto focus is not always accurate with 5fps frame rate.
Nikon D5300 Top of the range:
Optical sensor resolution: 24.1 Mp
Optical zoom: 20X
Would you like a reflex camera that is not entry level, but not too expensive? Which of the best reflex cameras to choose? Surely one of the best SLR ever is the Nikon D5300.
It is a semi-professional reflex that is highly appreciated in the reviews for its not excessive weight, extreme maneuverability and the right layout of the buttons. The D5300 reflex camera is equipped with a convenient optical viewfinder, but also with a display on which you can activate Live View. It is a 3.2 “monitor with 1.037mln of points, able to give you excellent images even for a touch-up operation immediately after the shot.
The D5300 reflex has a 180 ° swivel screen, which you will surely appreciate because it allows you to better manage shots and make really beautiful selfies. The sensor is a 24 Mp CMOS in DX format (6000 × 4000 pixel images). Image processing is fast thanks to the Expeed 4 processor, which also takes care of electronics. Wide ISO range, from 100 to 12800 for perfect photos even in low light.
Mount an 18-105mm lens, which you will certainly find excellent for its focal length and its ability to give you greater flexibility, even over long distances. It’s a reflex, so you can change the lens whenever you want: it’s a reflex camera that adapts to what you want to photograph. Fast and very effective focusing, thanks to 39 focus points.
It is one of the best reflex cameras and is suitable for both beginners and non-beginners. If you are not very experienced, you will surely appreciate the many scenes with preset exposure parameters. For those who are a little more experienced, the reflex allows you to set all the parameters manually, even giving you the possibility to choose the dynamic area for focusing and the number of focus points.
The D5300 digital SLR camera will give you great satisfaction for videos, in standard format, HD and Full HD between 24 and 60p. To edit the videos and edit the photos you can directly use the editing functions present in the reflex and, with the GPS sensor you will know where you photographed those landscapes or shot those videos. Good connectivity too: guaranteed sharing with the integrated wi-fi and the Nikon Wireless Mobile Utility app.
Almost 100% satisfied users are just the crowning glory for an excellent quality reflex. The D5300 is certainly the best reflex of 2020.
• 24Mp CMOS sensor in DX format and images processed thanks to the Expeed 4 processor
• Wide sensitivity range: between 100 and 12800 extensible through software up to 25600 to have perfect photos in all light conditions
• Images that can be saved in 3 formats: Jpeg (3 levels of compression), NEF (Raw) and NEF + JPEG
• Video with standard resolution, HD and Full HD with a frame rate up to 60p
• Autofocus system with 39 focus points, with the possibility of choosing various focusing modes
• Connectivity and sharing with integrated wi-fi
• GPS sensor
• Many editing functions useful for editing and retouching directly on the reflex
• Excellent 180 ° adjustable screen 3.2 “LCD.
• Excellent handling and easily accessible buttons
• The LCD display is not a touch screen and does not have a sensor that adjusts the lighting automatically
• It is not possible to change the opening in live view
• The app does not allow you to manage the reflex from afar.
Canon EOS 1300D Best value for money:
Optical sensor resolution: 18 Mp
Optical zoom: 3X
Tired of taking photos with your smartphone? Would you like something more, but not a professional reflex? Why not buy the Canon EOS 1300D digital SLR camera?
Aesthetically it is a very attractive camera, lighter than the competition and rather compact, to be a reflex, ideal if you love to travel with the reflex always with you. Being an entry level reflex, even if among the best, it is not weather sealed so you have to pay attention to dust and humidity. It is a reflex with non-adjustable LCD screen, bright and visibility even in case of strong lighting. It has a good flash, but if you want you can add a better one outside thanks to the sled.
In the reflex kit you will find an 18-55mm lens, but you have a large amount of lenses available and the Canon lens park is certainly one of the best ever. In the different kits find a DC or IS lens: the abbreviation IS indicates that the lens is stabilized, therefore it easily manages to counteract small movements and vibrations during shooting.
The light is captured by the 18 Mp APS-C sensor, not excessive for a reflex, but which can give you grainy images even if you print in A2. Considering the price range, the value is excellent. The sensitivity range is good, between 100 and 6400 (expandable via software up to 12800), where the noise begins to be felt around ISO 3200. To shoot you can use the convenient viewfinder or the Live View, where, however, you lose a little bit in focusing speed.
Image processing and electronics management are handled by the DIGC 4+ processor. Focusing on 9 points, of which the central one is a cross, a great value for newcomers. With the EOS 1300D SLR you can shoot videos in Full HD up to 30fps.
Being a reflex camera designed for beginners, it provides you with many fully automatic functions, including focus. The more you get familiar with the reflex, the more you can push yourself and use the manual modes. You can easily share photos via wi-fi with NFC for editing, but you can also edit them directly in the car.
The opinions of many photographers are in agreement: it is an excellent reflex for beginners: good quality photos at a really aggressive price. And then, you always have the option to upgrade by implementing the optics. The EOS 1300D ranks as the best reflex for quality / price in 2020.
• Light and handy reflex
• Many automatic modes dedicated to reflex beginners
• Lens with good rendering as wide angle
• Huge fleet of compatible Canon lenses
• Excellent quality of daytime photos
• LCD screen with good visibility
• APS-C sensor
• Excellent value for money
• Connectivity with wi-fi with NFC.
• At high ISO the noise increases
• Focusing is slow if you use live view
• The frame rate is not very high.
Canon EOS 750D Best semi-professional:
Optical sensor resolution: 24 Mp
Optical zoom: 1.6X
It is not easy to understand which reflex cameras to choose from. But if you’re looking for a SLR with semiprofessional features, then the Canon EOS 750D is one of the best cameras you can find.
It is a novelty born to overcome the previous EOS 650D and 700D reflexes. Attractive design and good handling. Compared to the previous models, the sensor has larger dimensions, therefore with a greater ability to capture light and details. A 24.2Mp APS-C sensor, certainly the best value for entry level reflexes currently on the market.
Also new is the reflex processor, a DIGIC 6 with a decidedly faster focusing at 19 points which is flanked by the STM focusing engine that allows to considerably reduce the noise during the AF.
Good quality viewfinder, a pentaspecchio that has also implemented a flickering warning in this reflex, the reflex alerts you in case of flickering due to artificial light. Of course, as always, you can also opt for the Live View, which, with the adjustable 3 “screen, will allow you to take selfies, but also great photos in the most disparate positions. The screen is another strong point of this reflex because it is a touch screen where you can easily manage the focus
To shoot you have, on the dial, a completely manual mode, dedicated to the most experienced, and, for the less experienced, the semi-automatic or totally automatic modes in which the reflex chooses the best settings for you.
You can save photos in Jpeg or Raw, and you can retouch them with the Picture Style Editor, an editing program. And the videos? Well, the footage shot with the EOS 750D reflex is excellent, in Full HD and benefits from fast focusing; you can integrate them with audio thanks to the integrated microphone. You can share the best videos and the best photos via wi-fi (integrated) or NFC
Overall, it is a semi-professional quality reflex. Even with the ISO it behaves just fine because the EOS 750D reflex ensures good noise management up to 1600 ISO beyond which the images, despite being of good quality, are to be used in reduced format.
Reflex is on sale both in kit form and with only the camera body, to which to match the optics you prefer. Many opinions that suggest the purchase in kit to be able to use it immediately.
• Good depth of field control, also thanks to the 24.2 Mp APS-C sensor
• Perfect resolution even for A2 prints
• Powerful image processor, DIGIC 6
• Fast and rather silent autofocus
• Compact reflex, ergonomic and easy to handle
• Flicker reduction function for artificial lighting, with flicker notification in the viewfinder
• SLR with optical viewfinder and possibility of live view on the 3 “Touch screen adjustable
• Easy and intuitive menu to manage all the features of the reflex
• Connectivity via wi-fi and NFC to easily share and download photos and movies on the PC for post-production
• Movies in Full HD.
• Battery life is not excessive
• Non-tropicalized reflex camera.
Nikon Coolpix B500 Best economic option:
Optical sensor resolution: 16 Mp
Optical zoom: 40X
Would you like to capture your best moments with a camera, but among the best cameras you don’t know how to choose and above all which one to choose? A more “compact” SLR? We are sure that, then, you will greatly appreciate the Nikon Coolpix B500 digital camera.
The Nikon Coolpix B500 is a Bridge camera, perhaps one of the best cameras of this type, according to various opinions. It is an extremely manageable camera, easy to use even if you are a beginner and returns high quality photos.
It has a fixed lens with a fairly high focal length and a 40X optical zoom, which with the Dynamic Fine Zoom, the digital zoom, become 80X, a very high value! To prevent an inexperienced hand from registering too many vibrations and movements during the shot, which would inevitably translate into blurred photos, the lens is stabilized. So the B500 is a camera that proves to be invaluable for photos from afar, for landscapes, from wide angle, but it will also pleasantly surprise you for macro photos at just 1cm away, thanks to 3 special ED lenses (Extralow Dispersion).
This camera is equipped with a 16 Mp CMOS sensor, more than enough, unless you intend to enlarge the photos to make billboards. The ISO is quite wide, between 125 and 6400 and up to 1600 surely the noise is practically imperceptible. There is no optical viewfinder, so the shots can be seen on the convenient 3 “LCD display that can be tilted up to 90 °.
Being a camera dedicated to the less experienced, it is full of automatic features. Many scenes available with preset parameters to ensure the best shooting results. Also nice is the Creative Mode function and other functions that provide filters to customize and have fun taking pictures.
With the B500 you can shoot videos with a resolution of 1080p at 30fp with a stereo microphone. Videos and photos can be stored in the SD card or shared via the micro-HDMI interface, wi-fi, NFC or Bluetooth thanks to the low-energy SnapBridge
A Bridge camera truly with a thousand resources which, according to the reviews, can be criticized essentially for the lack of completely manual controls. Great product, even if it is not the classic reflex. Batteries, common AA batteries, have good durability. It is confirmed as one of the best bridge cameras on the market today.
• 40x optical zoom
• Stabilized lens with very wide focal range: 22.5 -900 mm
• CMOS sensor 16.1 Mp
• Many programs are available, such as for light trails or dedicated to particular activities
• Wide ISO range between 125 to 6400 with noise starting to make itself felt from the 1600 ISO up
• Full HD 1080 video up to 30 p
• Ability to customize ISO and AF
• Excellent handling and ease of use for this reflex
• Continuous shooting speed: 7 fps
• 3 “LCD display adjustable upwards and downwards.
• Reflex powered with AAA batteries: convenient because easily available, but they discharge faster when the camera is off
• Focus a little slow and photo quality is not excessive with maximum zoom
• Manual mode is missing.
Nikon D3400 Best entry level
Optical sensor resolution: 24.2 Mp
Optical zoom: 3X
A reflex that is also suitable for you who are not particularly expert in photography, but who also turns out to be one of the best reflexes currently on the market? Well, then you absolutely mustn’t miss out on the Nikon D3400, probably the best entry level reflex on the market in 2019.
It is an evolution of the D3300 reflex. It has a very light and performing body, easy to handle and with rather small dimensions. You can find only the camera body or the kit with one or two stabilized lenses for sale: the kit with 2 lenses includes one with AF 18-55mm, which is suitable for shooting landscapes, but also for a close-up. The second objective included has an AF 70-300mm.
The D3400 SLR is equipped with a 24.2 Mp CMOS sensor, one of the best values for an entry-level SLR. ISO sensitivity range quite large, between 100 and 12800 ISO (expandable via software up to 25600) with a very low noise level, even at high ISO.
From an electronic point of view, everything is managed by the Expeed 4 processor, already present also in the D3300, very high performance and fast and often mounted even on Nikon full frame semi-professional reflex cameras. The performance of this reflex is also excellent in case of low light and for night photos, also thanks to the built-in flash and D-Lighting, excellent images in the shade.
Even the speed of self-timer and autofocus is good, although, due to the lack of an integrated focusing motor, autofocus is only possible with AF-S and AF-I lenses. The electronic range finder will also give you an aid during the focusing phase. Continuous autofocus is efficient even when recording video, videos that can also be recorded in Full HD 1080p up to 60p, values comparable to professional reflexes.
For shooting, you can choose manual mode, but also many semi and fully automatic modes. The D3300 SLR offers you many effects for first editing directly on the machine. And then with the low-power sharing via Bluetooth (Snapbridge), with which you can instantaneously send photos taken in Jpeg.
The battery life is really good. This reflex is very eye-catching for beginners because it is implemented with a sort of very detailed shooting guide that will help you get the best, in terms of photos, from this little gem.
Even the most severe reviews show a great appreciation for this reflex, considered one of the best on the market in 2019.
• Different kits with stabilized lenses included
• Continuous shooting at 5fps
• 24.2Mp CMOS sensor, one of the best
• Expeed 4 processor, stable, very fast and performing
• Autofocus with 11 AF points
• Optical viewfinder or with Live View on the 3 “display
• Excellent shooting guide
• Manual, automatic and semi-automatic shooting modes available
• Optimal connectivity via SnapBridge (low energy consumption Bluetooth)
• Video HD and Full HD up to 60p.
• The ultrasonic sensor is missing, present on the D3300 (removed to lighten the reflex)
• Viewfinder only with a zoom of 0.85X
• There is no connection for an external microphone.
Sony Alpha 68 Better focus in low light
Optical sensor resolution: 24.2 Mp
Optical zoom: 3X
A reflex camera that puts you at the best moments of your life? Surely one of the best cameras of 2019 in this sense is the Sony Alpha 68.
You can find only the camera body or kit with a lens on sale. Reflex with extremely ergonomic body and a rather professional appearance. Handy, with “finger-sized” keys, even if you’re using the reflex with one hand.
The Alpha 68 is a DSLT camera, that is a reflex with a thin, translucent and fixed mirror, so it lets the light pass without having to move. DSLT cameras have a higher shutter speed than DSLR cameras. Mount a 24.2Mp APS-C CMOS sensor, one of the best values according to the opinions of professional photographers.
The processor adopted in this reflex is the Bionz X with features that can efficiently reduce noise. The efficiency of this processor is evident in the noise reduction at rather high ISO; the supported ISO range is between 100 and 25600. You can save the photos in .jpeg or in raw. The definition of these shots is really very good!
One of the best focusing abilities, with an exceptional autofocus, at 79 points with 15 cross-shaped center points. The focus is very fast and, with the special “program” the reflex detects the subject to be continuously focused automatically, very convenient during the videos. The reflex response is excellent even in low light situations.
Many programs available, with automatic and manual modes. You have the possibility to save as many as 3 combinations of easily recalled settings. Very good is the shutter speed, well 8fps, one of the best values for an entry level reflex. Video can be rotated in Full HD quality at 50Mbps up to 30p in XAVC format: these are not exceptional values, but if you are not a video maker you will surely see better results than videos shot with a smartphone.
SLR with an electronic viewfinder, which not all professionals appreciate, or you can use the Live View on the 2.7 “reclining LCD screen. Overall it is a reflex camera for photographs of the best quality and will amaze you with its focusing system and its extreme ease of use.
• 79-point focusing system, with 15 high-precision center cross-type points with the ability to set the subject to focus, very useful for shooting videos
• Excellent focusing even with particularly dim light
• Shutter speed: 1 / 4000s of minimum exposure with 30s of exposure
• You can store up to 3 sets of settings
• 24.2Mp APS-C CMOS sensor and Bionz X processor
• Wide ISO range and excellent noise management
• Continuous shooting speed, up to 8fps
• Extremely easy to handle: you can reach many of the functional keys with just one finger, even if you are holding the reflex camera with one hand
• Reflex DSLT, with a fixed translucent mirror (which does not move to impress)
• Manual, semi-automatic and automatic modes and much more.
• Zero connectivity
• Video not in 4k
• Small, non-touch, low-resolution LCD screen.
Canon EOS 200D Lighter reflex:
Optical sensor resolution: 24.2 Mp
Optical zoom: 3X
Do you love traveling and do you want a light and comfortable reflex that you can always take with you? We have the solution, the reflex that suits you is the Canon EOS 200D, which ranks as the lightest reflex in its category.
We are talking about an entry level SLR, but with features that place it almost on a semi-professional level with an excellent quality / price ratio. Very compact body, light and extremely manageable, values that make it a comfortable reflex for traveling. It is not tropicalized.
It mounts a 24.2Mp APS-C CMOS sensor and the DIGIC 7 processor, the same processor found in top-level reflex cameras. The ISO range offered is also very good, up to 25600 without having too much noise disturbance. The quality of the photos is really excellent, but the video quality is also super!
The EOS 200D has an autofocus 9-point viewfinder, not many. In live view the focusing system is the Dual Pixel CMOS AF, the fastest ever, only 0.3s. With this reflex you can record HDR movies, with ISO up to 12800 and many filters to add creativity to your videos in Full HD at 60p.
The LCD screen of this camera is adjustable to make the best selfies and shots from different angles. It’s touch and you’ll be able to select shooting modes, rather than setting parameters in manual mode.
The EOS 200D reflex winks at the world of young people and, in general, the “connected” because, thanks to its wi-fi, NFC and Bluetooth you can immediately share your shots. You can download them to your PC for fast editing, but you can also remotely control the camera! Beautiful, is not it? It is an absolute novelty on the market, and the reviews do nothing but confirm the excellent quality of the photos taken with this reflex. And don’t forget the park you have at your disposal for EOS, over 80.
The EOS 200D reflex camera enters fully into our special classification for its excellent qualities: the fastest focusing system in the world and the lightest digital SLR with APS-C.
• SLR camera with APS –C sensor and lightest adjustable screen in the world
• Reflex with the world’s fastest Live View autofocus system
• 24.2 MP APS-C sensor and ultra-high performance DIGIC 7 processor (also present on top-of-the-range reflex cameras)
• Autofocus Live View very fast thanks to the DUAL PIXEL CMOS AF system
• Continuous shooting at 5fps
• Connectivity: wi-fi, NFC, bluetooth
• Excellent picture quality
• Many shooting modes available, from automatics to manuals, with lots of creative ideas
• Very simple to use and with an excellent tutorial
• Reflex with huge lens park, up to 80 EOS lenses
• The videos are not in 4K
• The autofocus of the optical viewfinder is only 9 points
• At high ISO the resistance is not excessive.
Pentax K-50 Best tropicalized:
Optical sensor resolution: 16.28 Mp
Optical zoom: 3X
Deciding which of the best reflexes to choose is hard, we know. If you are a guy who likes to take pictures outdoors in different conditions, then the best reflex to buy is the Pentax k50 reflex camera.
It is a reflex that, even if it falls within the entry level reflex category, has much higher category characteristics.
Aesthetically it is compact, easily manageable even with one-handed controls. The body and the lenses of this reflex are tropicalized, therefore rather resistant to dust and rain: the k50 is an excellent ally for “in the rain” photos.
One of the strengths of this reflex is the pentaprism viewfinder, made of robust glass with 100% coverage, a better, brighter sight. And if you don’t want to use the viewfinder, you can use the 3 “LCD screen in live view, which is also useful for navigating through the various menus and setting the settings you prefer. Customizable reflex keys or dials.
The k50 is an APS-C reflex that has a CMOS sensor with a primary color filter of 16.28 Mp. The lens is stabilized and works very well both in standard conditions and with zoom at maximum extension. Good ISO range up to 51200, excellent photographic performance, even at night and on paper, even at ISO 25600.
The K50 reflex is suitable for both an expert public, with the possibility to manually set all the parameters, and to neophytes, thanks to the many automatic modes and scenes available. The availability of digital filters available is also wide. The shutter speed is not excessive but the continuous shooting frequency is good, 5.9 fps with not too full buffer
The quality of the videos shot with the Pentax K50 SLR is good, in Full HD up to 30fps or H264 or MPEG codec, but with rather slow auto focus. The autofocus in the viewfinder is 11 points. A feature you will find convenient and useful is the Shake Reduction mechanism, which helps stabilize the lens. Good connectivity.
The Pentax k50 certainly looks like the best tropicalized SLR camera on the market today.
• Tropicalised reflex
• Shot in good burst up to 5.9 fps
• Ability to customize buttons and dials
• Objective stabilized
• Good ISO range and their ability to not even shell at high ISO values
• Wide optical morino, with sensor
• Video SD, Full HD
• Integrated microphone
• Compact, ergonomic and light
• Many customizable modes, with more or less creative filters.
• High noise level of the oblique lens • Pretty slow autofocus system
• Fixed LCD display
Sony DSC-H300 Cheaper bridge:
Optical sensor resolution: 20.1 Mp
Optical zoom: 35X
Are you looking for a “reflex” quality camera, but small, pocket-sized? Here’s the Sony DSC-H300 Bridge Camera.
It is a very compact camera that fits comfortably in your pocket, but at the same time it will allow you to take better pictures, and not a little, than a telephone, but also a compact one. Ergonomic and with a comfortable grip, it resembles lines in a reflex, which gives it professionalism. Mount a 20.4 Mp Exmor R CMOS sensor, to be able to develop A4 photos without fear that they may get lost.
Aim with Carl Zeiss lenses, among the best on the market and a 35X optical zoom with an excellent stabilizer and SteadyShot technology, to always focus on what you are framing. You will thus have always perfect photographs and without that hateful blur caused by the normal movement of the hand / arm during shooting.
Like all bridge cameras it has no viewfinder, it uses the Live View on a screen of about 3 “high resolution on which you can scroll an easy and intuitive menu to access all the functions and settings of the camera. It has a good range of ISOs, between 80 and 3200. To help you always make the best photographs even as a novice, you have several automatic features to choose from, to have the best settings in a given situation. Of course you also have manual mode available.
And to add fun you can apply a whole series of filters to your shots. The quality of the photos is good, being a very economical entry level Bridge. With the DSC-H300 you can shoot videos in HD with 720p resolution at 30 fps.
The power supply is with AA batteries, not excellent but comfortable. Lacking, on the other hand, in the connectivity compared to all, practically, the reflexes, and this to try to lower the costs as much as possible without affecting the quality of the photos.
We recommend this camera to those approaching the world of photography and not looking for the top. To those who want something more than the usual compact, but don’t feel like going to a reflex. Surely it is the best and cheapest Bridge camera in our special 2018 ranking.
• Lens with Carl Zeiss lenses and 35X zoom
• Super HAD CCD 20.1 Mp sensor: quality even on A4 prints
• Panoramic shots and many preset or manual automatic shooting modes and many effects available
• Lens stabilized with Steady Shot technology
• Flash increases sensitivity according to situations, for balanced and noise-free images
• HD movies (720p) with little noise and distortion
• Excellent handling and ergonomics, with more than comfortable buttons
• Excellent value for money and economic
• Easy to use.
• Not excessive video resolution: only 720p HD at 30fps
• Continuous shutter speed and maximum shutter speed reduced
• Lack of connectivity.
What exactly is an SLR and what is the biggest difference compared to a Mirrorless camera?
A reflex camera is a camera usually equipped with a viewfinder that, through the lenses, lets light enter by projecting it onto a mirror tilted 45 ° upwards. From the mirror the light reaches a pentaprism (or pentaspecchio). By clicking on the button to take the photo, the mirrors are raised, bringing the light in and printing the image on a film, in the case of the SLR, or on a digital support in case of DSLR reflex.
In SLR cameras some of the most common sensors you can find are CMOS and CCD. The digital reflex cameras, the recent ones, process the images through processors that manage all the electronics of the camera.
We have said that reflex cameras work thanks to a combination of mirrors. They are equipped with a non-fixed lens system (a lens), which can be changed by the user according to his needs. Each lens, in fact, is often more specific and performant for a given type of photo and therefore it is up to the photographer to opt for the best.
The shooting parameters, in reflex cameras, are always manageable in a manual way, even if, to meet even the less experienced users, many implement completely automatic settings.
The photographic rendering of the reflex is absolutely one of the best, but also the cost of a reflex is quite high. You can go from around € 300/400 for an entry level, up to over € 4000. Furthermore you have to consider the cost of interchangeable optics and any other accessories that can be combined.
Mirrorless cameras, as the name suggests, are “mirrorless” cameras. Compared to SLRs, they do not have all the complex internal lens system to form the image and impress the film / sensor. This naturally affects the weight and dimensions of the camera itself.
Things to consider before buying an SLR:
We have seen the 10 best reflexes currently available on the market, professional or not, those that guarantee you the highest quality / price ratio. We also made a distinction between reflex cameras and mirrorless cameras.
Now, to help you compare the various reflexes we will go into some of their specific features in this practical purchase guide. In this way you will have all the best tools to be able to analyze all the models well and get an idea of what might be the features that are right for you. Never forget, once you have selected some models, to check the reviews that will give you feedback on the practical use of the camera, reflex or not.
Opinions can also help you understand how to choose the best reflex camera to start photographing as a novice.
Now, what you need to do is simply keep reading our purchase guide, perhaps with a notepad to take notes.
Are you ready? Let’s begin!
Sensor: APS-C vs. Full Frame Vs. Micro 4/3:
The sensor is that part of the camera, reflex or mirrorless, which takes care of capturing the light “impressing” itself. Practically the sensor does in the digital camera, the one that was previously made by the film, capture the image and save it. Practically the light signal is converted into an electrical signal producing a pixel.
Here, then, the greater the size of the reflex sensor, the greater the amount of light that the sensor can use to form the image, thus managing to capture even the weakest light signals. The consequence is that a larger sensor certainly performs better even in low light and creates less noise problems.
We can distinguish 3 types of digital cameras: those that mount Micro 4/3, Aps-C and Full Frame sensors. Let’s compare them briefly.
Let’s talk about the smallest sensor that is usually present in compact, compact and often mirrorless machines. Being a small sensor, the size and weight of the camera definitely benefit, making this device suitable for those who do not want to carry heavy burdens with them.
In terms of photographic quality, although not particularly performing at depth of field, the cameras fitted with a Micro 4/3 sensor offer excellent results for “street” photos. They present a higher noise at high ISO. Cost much lower than other sensors, and are in continuous technological development.
APS – C:
Cameras with this type of sensor have dimensions that position it halfway between micro 4/3 and FullFrame. Reflex cameras with APS-C are also referred to as Cropped frames. Compared to Full Frame cameras, since there are smaller pixels, a smaller amount of light is captured. The quality of the photos taken with this sensor is excellent and certainly is the sensor most commonly used in cameras because it has a much more inviting price than the Full Frame.
FULL FRAME: Surely it is the sensor that offers the highest quality and allows you to print photos even in larger format without fear of noise and loss of quality. Full Frame cameras do not have noise problems, even if they work at high ISO. The camera that mounts this sensor is much heavier and larger, more expensive, but also more professional.
The number of pixels is directly proportional to the level of detail that the photo can reach. The resolution, therefore, as you will know is measured in Megapixels, Mp. It is also true that a higher pixel is able to capture a greater quantity of light, therefore of detail with respect to a pixel of reduced dimensions.
This is when the dimensions of the sensor come into play because surely a larger sensor will contain pixels with larger dimensions, so even the photographic quality will be better. This is to make you understand that, in assessing the quality of a camera, you have to rely on Megapixels, but still put these in relation to the size of the sensor.
It is also true that if your aim is not to make professional-sized photographs for large-scale printing, you can consider valid reflex cameras from 10 Mp up. Currently in the best reflex cameras to start, of the entry level type, you can find from 16 to 24 Mp. Also available on the market in 2019 are semi-professional and professional reflex cameras with a count of more than Mp, combined with a Full frame sensor, and here you can go up a lot in price.
The processor in a reflex is responsible for managing the electronic part of the camera, but also for speed.
It is the processor that takes care of processing the image, managing the functions that regulate the various parameters and therefore the quality. Through the processor you can manage ISO levels and you can manage various adjustments, including noise reduction. Even the correction of any errors rather than natural vibrations during shooting with the reflex are managed by the processor.
But the reflex processor is also responsible for the speed with which the camera transmits and stores data on the internal memory card or the speed with which it transmits it to connected devices. Both the continuous shooting speed and the autofocus speed fall within the speed of the processor.
Canon reflex cameras usually use DIGIC processors, Nikon Expeed and Pentax adopt the Prime.
On these processors you can find many reviews that will help you opt for the best ones. They all agree, however, in advising to direct their choice towards the reflex camera with the most recent processor because it will surely ensure the best performance.
When you have to take a photograph with your SLR, the three main parameters you can customize are the sensitivity, in ISO, the speed with which the shutter opens and the focal length of the main aperture. The set of these 3 parameters forms the exposure.
If you are a more or less experienced photographer, surely you will be able to benefit from the manual settings present in all the best digital SLR and mirrorless cameras. But if you are not an expert, no fear because all the cameras are also equipped with semi-automatic or fully automatic settings that will allow you to capture the best moments without having to worry about anything.
The objectives of the cameras (even reflex cameras) are equipped with a diaphragm that opens up to let in a certain amount of light that will hit the sensor to impress it; a kind of real pupil. The opening of the diaphragm is also called pupil and is a value that indicates the opening of the diaphragm.
The opening is also directly connected with the exposure time. A greater opening for a shorter exposure time will allow the entry of a similar amount of light compared to a smaller aperture for a longer time.
The opening value is indicated with a value, also called “stop” preceded by the letter “f”: the higher the numerical value, the smaller the opening will be. On all objectives the maximum opening value is always present at the maximum and minimum focal length of that particular objective.
The value of the opening you have to keep it in mind based on the type of photographs you need to take with your reflex. Surely it is a value that you will slowly learn to regulate independently. You will realize that the greater the aperture, the lower the focal distance, as you will realize that if you are shooting in low light conditions, a wide aperture will help you have better images.
The shutter in a reflex, as mentioned, is a kind of curtain that allows or not the passage of light, and therefore the formation of the image and its impression, on film or through sensor. The shutter speed indicates how long the shutter remains open to allow light to pass.
The shutter speed is measured in fractions of a second (1 / X) and the greater the X the greater the shutter speed. If you want to photograph fast moving subjects with your reflex, you need to use a rather high speed because in this way it will be possible to capture the precise moment.
If, on the other hand, you need to photograph a landscape rather than a low-light scene, you are usually advised to opt for a lower speed, because in this way you can capture more light and details. You can take advantage of the parameter related to the shutter speed to get different effects on the photos.
With a particularly slow shutter speed you must also take into account the involuntary movements of body and hands, which must keep the reflex still. This would lead to a blur, often avoided thanks to the implementation of the lens with a stabilizer. One way to avoid it is, for long exposures, the use of the reflex on a tripod.
The shutter speed is a value that must be related to the ISO aperture and sensitivity. In SLR cameras there are often scenes and programs that set these values independently, to help even the less experienced. When you set the manual controls in the reflex, you can also use two settings related to the shutter speed. One speaks therefore of bulb (opening and closing of the shutter determined by the pressure and release of the button) or time (opening and closing of the shutter, each determined by pressing the button)
The ISO value of digital cameras, and therefore also of reflex cameras, refers to the reactivity of the pixels present on the sensor when the light pulse is sent to them. Here then is that the higher the ISO value in a reflex, the greater the sensitivity, therefore the ability of the pixels to react to this impulse. If you use a particularly low ISO value, it means that less light is needed to impress and then capture the image.
The lower ISOs are therefore better and recommended for shooting particularly bright scenes. Cameras and SLRs with higher ISOs are recommended for capturing more details in low light or in case of night shots.
Two things to keep in mind: first of all with the increasing of the ISO often the noise increases because the processor must process the details it receives and, if there is little light, there is little information to work with. Another thing, to get good quality photos, the ISO value must be set and matched with other parameters, such as opening and more.
The best reflexes have very high ISO values and often, thanks also to noise reduction systems, they ensure little ginning even for slightly higher ISO values. Compact cameras have, of course, lower ISO values and don’t always work very well at night or in low light.
Other things to consider:
By continuous shooting or burst of shots we mean the number of shots that the camera can take in one second. The best reflexes manage to reach values of 10 frames (clicks) per second, many of which are around 5/7 fps.
This value is important in choosing the reflex because it allows you to capture, among the many shots, the perfect image you were looking for. It is a value to keep in mind especially for photographing moving subjects. For example during a game or during a thunderstorm: start the continuous shooting and maybe you can make the perfect photo with a flash coming from the sky to the ground.
In order to get the best results from continuous shooting, the reflex must have a processor capable of guaranteeing an equally fast auto focus and a memory card capable of quickly storing the data transmitted to it.
Multipoint autofocus and scene recognition mode:
The best reflexes currently on the market, whether they are cheap or not, have autofocus, the ability to focus on the scene independently. If we talk about reflex, you naturally have the possibility both to opt for manual controls, so for manual focusing, and for automatic controls.
The automatism allows you to choose one of the many preset scenes and the reflex will choose for you the best combination of parameters to guarantee the best photo. Among the parameters that the reflex will select for you, there is also the autofocus. Some cameras also have the ability to recognize the subject to focus on, continuously adapting the subject even during movement, very convenient when shooting a video.
Every reflex or, more generally, every camera puts at your disposal several learners to choose from. In addition, the number of focus points, which can be 11, 19 but also 79, can be varied, which, if desired, you can “manage manually”, their shape and the percentage of coverage of the image.
The autofocus in a reflex is more efficient if you use the optical viewfinder because it uses the “phase detection” method, an advantage that is lost if the frame for shooting is in live view.
You have to orientate yourself on reflex with autofocus of better performance, faster if most of your photographs will be dedicated to subjects in motion or with poor lighting.
Setting the HDR (High Dynamic Range) mode, the reflex camera, when we open the shutter to take a picture, simultaneously shoots 3 with different exposures. One of these photos will be overexposed, an underexposed one, the union of the 3, elaborated, will give the best result. You thus have a more complete picture, rich in particular deriving overlap of the two photos over and underexposed, which have captured details that would otherwise be lost.
This mode of shooting of the reflex is comfortable and recommended in the case of photographs in open places, in landscapes, or in particular light conditions: poor or excessive brightness.
One of the settings present in the reflex cameras is the Video Mode: it is the possibility for the reflex to record longer or shorter and lower quality videos.
On average, all are able to record in standard quality, HD and Full HD with a variable number of frames per second (the best entry levels also reach 60fps, a typical professional value). The best reflex cameras also have the ability to record videos even in 4K and have implemented autofocus technologies that allow you to shoot videos that are always perfect.
Video files can be saved in MPEG-4 or H.264
To allow you to quickly share the contents you are shooting, whether they are photos or videos, many reflexes are equipped with technologies designed to connect the device with the outside.
The most widespread technologies in reflex cameras are certainly wi-fi, which often also allows remote camera control, NFC and bluetooth. Some homes have introduced a novelty, a low-power bluetooth that allows you to transmit photos or videos to the connected device immediately after shooting.
Moreover, many producers have created special apps and are even implemented with the GPS module that will allow you to tag the places where that photo was taken or that video was shot. In this way your reflex will also become the best ally to properly store all the photographs, even after some time without fear of forgetting “where you were at that moment”.
To save your shots you need to insert in your reflex a memory card compatible with the reflex one, of the best quality, have a good capacity and be fast. Memory cards have capacities ranging from 2Gb to over 128Gb: you need to consider the maximum capacity your SLR can support in this regard. Clearly the larger the memory capacity, the more photos or videos you can store.
We have said that you must also evaluate the memory speed because the faster the memory and the communication between memory and device, the faster it allows you to quickly save photos. This will allow your reflex to take pictures faster and not miss the moment, the perfect shot.
A large number of bags are commercially available for reflex cameras whose spaces are optimized to accommodate in the best way all the components of the reflex. The components will be so protected, but also comfortable and easy to transport. You will always have your reflex with you.
Additional lenses and filters:
SLRs have an interchangeable lens. Here then is that, in addition to the lens possibly included in the kit, you can buy additional lenses and filters, in parallel to your needs as a photographer. If you usually do close-ups rather than photographing landscapes, clearly the best results are achieved with different goals.
Some cameras have a large park lens available, such as if we talk about Canon and Nikon. There are also reflexes compatible only with the objectives of a particular brand: in this case the available lens fleet is, of course, lower. On the market you can also find universal reflex compatible lenses, often of good quality. To get better pictures you have to go to better lenses, and the results will not disappoint you.
Also remember the filters, which will protect the lenses from damage, scratches and dust, to keep them always efficient in the best way.
A useful accessory, especially if you make an almost professional use of the reflex or otherwise love taking pictures with a long exposure, is the tripod. This is essential for photos where the reflex must be completely still and stable. Most tripods are compatible with all SLRs, so it is sufficient that you choose the best one for you based only on the size and your needs.
If you plan to take many photos and many videos or don’t have the possibility to recharge your reflex battery, we recommend that you always buy at least one extra battery in reserve. Always keep it charged with you, so you never run out of battery. Finding the batteries, and finding the right ones, is now easy: just check the compatibility of your reflex and choose the best one.
Choose the subject, frame and shoot!:
And here we are at the end of our photographic journey. Now that you know what the main features of the reflexes are, you certainly have the right tools to evaluate which is the best reflex for you. Back on our special ranking with the best reflexes currently on the market. Evaluate well your needs and, first of all, your experience in the photographic world and your desire to learn.
If you think you can be passionate about this world, consider the budget, approach the best entry level reflex for quality / price. But if you are not sure that it can become a passion for you and you are looking above all for something that allows you to take photographs of higher quality than those of a telephone, the subject changes. In this case, even a reflex that is fairly inexpensive, but which gives you good results, may work well, so you can opt for the best entry level SLR.
Do all these assessments? All you have to do is choose your reflex! The tool that will allow you to capture, print and always keep your best memories with you is just a step away from you, with a click! Ready? Snap!